UN lauds China, India for green energy efforts and fighting climate change
The United Nations (UN) has hailed the initiatives taken by India and China is gearing up to the challenge of climate change. The world’s apex body of international cooperation said that India and China are countries that have been ‘strongly committed’ to leadership in fighting climate change as well as ensuring they don’t suffer the ‘devastating’ impacts at the time when the others are ‘failing.’
Secretary General Antonio Guterres pointed out that the UN has a ‘solid commitment’ to climate action. He also said that the African countries were the biggest victims of globally changing weather and climate patterns.
“Of the largest economies of the world, two largest economies of G77 are strongly committed to leadership in climate action… I refer to China and India,’ Guterres said on the occasion of the handover ceremony of Chairmanship of ‘Group of 77 (G77) and China’ in New York on Jan 12. Egypt took over chairmanship of the G77 from Ecuador.
‘In a moment when the others are failing, I see the largest economies of Group of 77 and China to be assuming leadership in climate action to make sure we don’t suffer dramatic and devastating impacts of climate change, as unfortunately we are witnessing, and things will get worse if we aren’t able to defeat this threat,’ said Guterres.
The G77 is primarily the biggest inter-governmental organization of developing countries in the United Nations. Established in June 1964, the G77 has 134 members, including India, which is the world’s third largest emitter of GHG (greenhouse gases). ‘We can’t be defeated by climate change, and we aren’t yet winning this battle,’ said Guterres.
‘It’s clear to me the biggest victims of climate change are members of G77, namely African countries, affected by drought or, small island countries affected by the kind of hurricanes we have seen, or the rising level of water,’ he said.
The United Nations chief had warned world leaders in May 2017 that impact of climate change could affect water security, food production, and weather patterns ‘from Canada to India.’
He said that the ‘world is in a mess.’ He also urged the global community to ‘stay the course’ even if one government doesn’t believe in emissions and its impact on aggravating climate change.
His comments gain significance in view of the fact that US President Donald Trump has announced the withdrawal of America from the Paris Agreement. US President Trump believes the Paris agreement on climate change is unfair to the USA, as it has affected jobs and businesses. He says the Paris accord is disadvantageous to his country. There has been an international backlash against his decision. What is more interesting is that climate change reports emanating out of the USA are contradicting Trump’s claims. After war-troubled Syria and Nicaragua agreed to sign the Paris climate accord, only the United States of America is left out of the treaty. India joined the historic Paris agreement, which was formulated for tackling climate change, in 2016.
The Paris Climate Accord was a historic event in the fight against climate change. Now, as many as 197 countries have joined the treaty to prevent global temperatures from increasing by more than 2 degree Celsius (3.6 degree Fahrenheit). The Paris agreement is aimed at cutting greenhouse gas emissions and fighting environment issues like global warming and climate change. Every nation determines, plans, and reports its contributions to mitigate global warming.
Guterres also pointed out that nations such as China and India were benefiting the most from the emissions cuts laid down in the Paris Agreement.
India and China going big on emissions cuts and green energy
Green energy such as solar and wind has seen massive adoption in countries like China and India. In fact, China has emerged as the most attractive country globally on renewable energy attractiveness index. The Indian Government too has pledged to generate 175 Giga Watt of green energy generation through the use of renewable sources of energy by 2022.