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Municipal Solid Waste of India includes garbage (food waste), rubbish (paper, plastic, wood, metal, throw-away containers, glass etc.), demolition products (bricks, masonry and pipes), sewage treatment residues, dead animals, manure and other discarded materials. So, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is a heterogeneous mixture of rags, stones, soils, besides food and vegetable waste from kitchen and market.

Owing to rapid urbanization and migration of rural people into urban areas as well as change in consumption pattern, urban population has increased from 23% to 32% during 1991 to 2001 in India. The population has increased significantly. Main sources of Municipal Solid Waste, generally four (4) types. 1) Household Domestic Waste. 2) Market Waste. 3) Street Waste. 4) Commercial establishment waste. Other wastes are also there but they are not at all acute in nature.

Household or Domestic waste. Household waste consists of ash, garbage and rubbish etc. Ash is the residue from fire used for working & heating of products. Rubbish comprises of papers, clothing, and remains of wood product, metal, glass, dust and dirt. Garbage is generally waste matter arising from the preparation, cooking and consumption of food products which consists of waste food, vegetable peelings and other organic matter etc. 40.96 MT/Day Municipal Solid Waste as household waste. 3% of non-biodegradable and rest bio-degradable wastes as 97%. Proper handling of house hold waste is also important because the wastes can cause infraction to human health because of decomposition of Municipal Solid Waste.

Market waste: Market Wastes are the refuse that is collected from market. It contains large proportion of putrid vegetables, animal matter, and plastic products. Estimation done on basis of observation, interview and on the quantity that transported for dumping. During the present study it is noticed and estimated that the amount of non-biodegradable waste are only 5% of total market waste.

Street waste: It consists of leaves, straw, paper, animal droppings and litter of all kinds and large quantities of nuisance like plastics, polythene etc. Non-biodegradable waste was nearly 4%. Other commercial establishment waste: Generally arises from commercial establishment like Hotels, Restaurants, and Stationary Shops of residential as well commercial area Estimation was carried out both on the basis of interview and observation and here Non- biodegradable waste estimated around 3% of total.

Household hazardous waste: These comprises of household items such as paints, cleaners, oils, batteries, pesticides, Toxic, Corrosive, Flammable or Poisonous products that might contain hazardous materials thus these products are called as Household Hazardous Waste. These wastes are mostly non-biodegradable substances and estimated around 2% of total waste. 40.96 MT/Day waste as household waste according to 2011 census report. 3% non-biodegradable and rest bio-degradable wastes. Proper handling of house hold waste is also important because the wastes can cause infraction to human health because of decomposition.

Market waste: Market Wastes are the refuse that is collected from market. It contains large proportion of putrid vegetables, animal matter, and plastic products. Estimation done on basis of observation, interview and on the quantity that transported for dumping. Amount of non-biodegradable waste are only 5% of total market waste.

Street waste: It consists of leaves, straw, paper, animal droppings and litter of all kinds and large quantities of nuisance like plastics, polythene etc. Non-biodegradable waste was nearly 4%.

Other commercial establishment waste: Generally arises from commercial establishment like Hotels, Restaurants, and Stationary Shops of residential as well commercial area. Non- biodegradable waste estimated around 3% of total.

Household hazardous waste: These comprise household items such as paints, cleaners, oils, batteries, pesticides, Toxic, Corrosive, Flammable or Poisonous products that might contain hazardous materials. Thus these products are called Household Hazardous Waste. These wastes are mostly non-biodegradable substances and estimated around 2% of total waste.

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Voice of Environment

About Voice of Environment

Voice of Environment: The organisation Voice of Environment(VoE) is dedicated to Environment, People and Mother Earth for clean green and sustainable Environment. Motto: “Raise our voice for better Mother Earth”. To focus on the overall development of the Urban/Rural people in particularly with sustainable development. To ensure better Health, sanitation for all citizen so that a meaningful and healthy life is ensured to every citizen. To conserve biodiversity and natural resources of the India as well as entire world. To promote Research and Development in the field of Environmental Management, Environment Education for better future. To encourage and promote Environmental studies in the country and spread awareness for Environmental conservation to the entire world. The Organization is working for sustainable development in partnerships between Civil Organization (Local Community, NGOs, Academic Institutions, Private Enterprises/Businesses) and Government Departments of Environment, Biodiversity, Ecology, Forestry, Health, Safety, Sanitation, Education, Science, Technology, Research & Development etc.
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