Environment Protection Act, 1986 was established by an Act of Parliament after the Bhopal Tragedy. The Government of India’s Environment Protection Act 1986 came into existence under the Indian Constitution. The objective is to protect and improve the environment. Let us look at some of the definitions and scope.
Significant Terms under the The Environment Protection Act 1986
“Environment” includes water, air and land, according to the Environment Protection Act, 1986. It also incorporates the interrelationship between water, air and land and the human beings as well as other plants, living creatures, microorganisms and property.
“Environmental Pollutant” connotes solid, liquid, or gas which can be injurious to the environment, according to the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
“Hazardous Substance” connotes substance and / or preparation, according to the Environment Protection Act, 1986, which, due to reason of it’s chemical or physic-chemical properties, has the potential to cause harm to other living creatures or human beings.
“Handling” means the processing, manufacturing, treatment, storage, packaging, transportation, use, destruction, collection, conversion, offering for sale, of any such substance.
“Environmental pollution” connotes imbalance in the environment, according to the Environment Protection Act, 1986. The substances or materials when they get mixed in the air, water, or land, they tend to alter their properties in such a manner that the use of any or all the air, water, and land by human beings or any other living organisms can become lethal or dangerous for their health.
“Occupier” primarily connotes a person, who has control on the affairs of the premises or the factory or both and includes, in such a relation to any substance, the person in possession of substance, according to the Environment Protection Act, 1986.
The objectives of The Environmental Protection Act 1986 are to implement the decisions taken by the United Nations Conference on Human Environments on the ground. The provisions of The Environmental Protection Act 1986 relate to the protection along with the improvement of the human environment along with prevention of hazards to human beings, living beings, plants, as well as property.